Various Lung Diseases

Lung diseases are the most common medical problem in the world. Based on a research about ten million people in US have various lung diseases like one caused by infections, smoking, genetic and many others. The lungs are very complex organs. It is supported by many muscles and parts that will help the body catch the oxygen and distribute it to every corner of the body, then expel carbon dioxide. When it comes to lung diseases, the disease could occur in any parts of the lungs.

Lung Diseases that Affect the Airways

Bronchi is the windpipe or trachea that branches into tubes names bronchi that have some branches which become smaller and spread throughout the lungs. There are some lung diseases that could affect these area.

1. Asthma

The airways are inflamed and could lead to spasm that will cause shortness of breath and wheezing. Various things could trigger asthma such as allergies, emotional condition, pollution and many others.

2. COPD or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

The lung could not exhale in normal way and it would cause breathing difficulty.

3. Chronic & Acute Bronchitis

This is one of the most common lung diseases and the part of COPD. The symptom of this disease is productive cough. The acute BRONCHITIS is caused by the sudden infection in the airways, mostly because if virus.

4. Cystic Fibrosis

This is a genetic condition that will cause poor mucus clearance from bronchi. The accumulation of the mucus will lead to infection.

Lung Disease that Affect the Interstitium

Inyerstitium is a microscopically thin. It is the delicate lining between the air sacs (alveoli) of the lungs. The tiny blood vessels will run through the this lining and allows gas exchange between blood and alveoli.

1. ILD or Interstitial Lung Diseases

ILD could affect many parts of the interstitium. The common lung diseases in this category are autoimmune disease, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, sarcoidosis and more.

2. Pneumonia

3. Pulmonery Edemas

Lung Disease that Affect the Air Sacs or Alveoli

Alveoli is the air sacs dead-end cluster. The air sacs will make up the most parts of lung tissue. There are so many types of lung diseases that could affect this area.

  1. Pneumonia
    Alveoli infection because of bacteria
  2. Tuberculosis
    Pneumonia that grows slowly due to the Mycrobacterium Tuberculosis bacteria growth.
  3. Emphysema
    The damage of fragile connections between the alveoli. The most common cause of the lung disease is smoking.
  4. Lung Cancer
    This incurable disease is one of the most deadly lung diseases. The cancer could come in many forms because it could grow in any part of the lungs. The location of cancer growth would affect the treatment options.
  5. Pneimoconiosis
    This is a condition that caused by the inhalation of substances that could hurt the lungs such as asbestosis, coal dust and many others.

Lung diseases are incurable disease. It could happen to anyone, including to the infant. However, the risk of lung diseases could increase rapidly due to the habit and environment. People who are smoking, live around smokers, working in the industry with specific air condition such as one that contain asbestosis are having higher risk on lung diseases.

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